Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are those infections that are generally transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. They are very common and, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that up to one million people contract a sexually transmitted infection every day.
Among its causes we can find multiple bacteria and viruses, including Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae (or gonorrhea), syphilis, human papillomavirus (HPV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or herpes.
STDs can present a big range of symptoms, although many times the affected person can remain asymptomatic. STDs can not only lead to changes in the skin of the genital, oral or anal area, such as ulcers, warts or vesicles (small blisters), but also urinary tract symptoms such as burning, purulent urethral discharge, frequent or painful urination, or even pelvic pain or fertility impairment.
For its correct diagnosis, a good clinical history and a complete physical examination are necessary. Moreover, it is important to detect the responsible microorganism through blood tests (or serologies), urine analysis or analysing the skin lesions. It is important to consult a doctor specialized in sexual health in case of having risky sexual behaviours, if your partner has been diagnosed with a STDs or the appearance of symptoms suspicious of STDs.
Its early medical approach is essential, starting a treatment as soon as possible to eradicate the STD and also treating the symptoms that may derive from these infections. In addition, if confirmed, we should not forget the partner’s evaluation and avoiding unprotected intercourses.