Male Infertility: Diagnoses and Treatment Options

We specialize in reproductive health and address male infertility with personalized solutions. We analyze semen quality and identify the best strategies for improvement, providing support to help you achieve your family goals.

What is Male Infertility?

Male infertility occurs when a man experiences difficulties in fathering a child. This can be attributed to various factors or causes, such as issues with sperm production or quality, as well as other aspects related to male reproductive function. It is essential to explore and understand these potential causes to effectively address them and work together towards achieving the desire to have children

Possible reasons for male fertility difficulties include:

  1. Sperm Production Issues: Low sperm production (oligospermia) or complete absence of sperm (azoospermia).
  2. Sperm Quality Problems: Abnormal sperm morphology or low sperm motility.
  3. Obstructions in the Vas Deferens: Blockages in the ducts that prevent the release of sperm.
  4. Hormonal Problems: Low testosterone levels affecting sperm production.
  5. Genetic Issues: Genetic abnormalities that can influence sperm production.
  6. Varicocele: Dilation of veins in the scrotum, affecting sperm quality.
  7. Infections: Reproductive system infections that can cause damage to sperm.
  8. Ejaculation Problems: Difficulties in ejaculation, such as retrograde ejaculation.
  9. Unhealthy Lifestyle: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, or stress.

Treatment Options for Male Infertility


At Andrología Barcelona, we conduct a comprehensive study to assess male fertility in an integrated manner.


Micro-TESE and Onco-TESE are advanced microsurgical techniques that allow us to retrieve sperm from the testicles in patients with a lack of sperm.


Vaso-vasostomy is the surgical technique used for vasectomy reversal. It reconnects the two ends of the vas deferens, essentially restoring the continuity of the ducts.


Varicocele is a dilation of the veins within the spermatic cord due to valve malfunction, affecting approximately 15% of adult males.


Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome (TDS) is a clinical and biochemical syndrome associated with aging, characterized by symptoms suggestive of testosterone deficiency and a decrease in serum testosterone levels.